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Setting up macOS built-in VPN client

1. Go to System Preferences → Network, then click "Create a new service" (plus sign in the bottom left corner of the window).

Setting up macOS built-in VPN client

2. In the "Interface" list choose "VPN", in the "VPN Type" list select "L2TP over IPSec". Enter a connection name and click "Create".

Setting up macOS built-in VPN client

3. Enter the IP address of your VPN gateway into the "Server Address" field. IP address is part of user credentials.

Setting up macOS built-in VPN client

4. Enter the password and shared secret. They are parts of user credentials.

Setting up macOS built-in VPN client

Now you can connect to the VPN.

By default, macOS will route 10/8 network via the VPN connection. You can use the following commands to check routing entries for a VPN connection:

ifconfig ppp0
  netstat -rn | grep ppp0

You can also set the default netmask for PPP connections:

  # cat /etc/ppp/options
  netmask 255.255.0.0

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